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Environmental And Social Standards In The Fashion Industry

Environmental, social and ethical pressures on the global textiles and fashion sector emerged in Europe in the early 1980s. The main driver was consumer concern over the safety of the materials. However in parallel with this trend, a minority group of ethical consumers demanded chemical-free and low environmental impact clothing and fashion goods. This resulted in the European and later the US organic labeling system being extended to include criteria for clothing and textiles, such as organic cotton. As of 2007, the sector was the fastest growing part of the global cotton industry with growth of more than 50% a year. With reference to safety standards, primarily addressing consumer concern over chemicals in textiles, the Oeko-Tex standard has become highly popular in the industry. Although unknown to consumers, It tests for chemicals such as flame retardants in clothes and categorizes goods according to their likely exposure to humans (e.g. baby clothes must adhere to the strictest standards for chemicals). Thus the issue of chemicals in clothing has become largely one of liability risk control for the industry with the consumers obviously expecting products to pose no risk to their health. Organic and eco fashion and textiles attracts a far smaller, but fast growing group of consumers, largely in Western Europe and Coastal US.

Of far greater concern to the global fashion sector is the issue of worker welfare. The issue was highlighted by pressure groups such as Global Exchange in the US targeting Levis and Nike and others.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s anecdotal evidence began emerging from labor activists in the US and Europe concerning the supply chains and overseas factories of leading US and European multinationals. A key target was the world’s leading maker of denim jeans Levi Strauss, but more significantly Nike, the world’s largest sports shoe marketing firm. Global Exchange launched its Nike Anti Sweatshop campaign, focusing on the firms sourcing in China and Indonesia.

Issues included child labor, minimum wages, working hours and employee benefits. Activists argued that such issues should not differ too widely from standards mandatory in the West, while Nike argued at the time that differing national economic and social conditions dictated different standards globally. A good deal of negotiations and stakeholder meetings led to a generally accepted code of practice for labor management in developing countries acceptable to most parties involved. The SA 8000 emerged as the leading industry driven voluntary standard on worker welfare issues. SA 8000 supporters now include the GAP, TNT and others and SAI reports that as of 2008, almost 1 million workers in 1700 facilities have achieved SA 8000 certification. Such a certification requires investment in the process but also more significantly in changing labor practices such as wage structures. It is clearly being driven by large US and European multinationals that may require certain suppliers to gain certification.

The Fair Trade movement has also had a significant impact on the fashion business. The standard combines a number of ethical issues of potential concern to consumers environmental factors, fair treatment of developing country suppliers and worker welfare. The Fair Trade label has show explosive growth.

Albeit on a very small scale and not always at the top end of the fashion industry, many niche brands have emerged which promote themselves primarily on sustainability grounds People Tree in the UK states that it creates Fair Trade and organic clothing and accessories by forming lasting partnerships with Fair Trade, organic producers in developing countries. Leading fashion journal Marie Claire ranked its top 10 eco brands in a recent issue. The key issues remain chemicals in clothing (certified by organic and Fair Trade labels), worker treatment (certified by SA 8000 and Fair Trade) and increasingly mainstream environmental issues such as climate change. The Carbon Reduction Label verifies a products cradle-to-grave carbon footprint, although is not specific to clothing. Mainstream brands such as Louis Vuitton, Gucci, H&M and Zara have been slower to make firm commitments on the full rage of ethical issues due to the difficulties of switching their supply chains and products lines completely in favor of organic or Fair Trade certified or other standards and norms. They are however, moving slowing to ensure they capture the market if it becomes significant the worlds largest fashion brand Louis Vuitton recently acquired a small eco fashion label. It is clear, however from the example of Nike and Levis, however that certain issues are here to stay, such as a demand by Western consumers that leading brands manage the issue of worker welfare in their supply chain properly.

Classic Men’s Winter Fashion The Pea Coat

The cold weather months are upon us. Being in style this winter season means wearing classic winter coat designs. The pea coat is your perfect choice.

Like most pillars of men’s fashion, the pea coat’s story can be traced back to the military. Since the eighteenth century, overcoats resembling the modern pea coat have been used by European and American naval personnel. Even today, the pea coat is regular issue to the heroic men and women of the United States Navy.

Because the classic pea coat continues to be fashionable and stylish, multiple variations are sold by many retailers in North America. As well, being a military issue garment, many pea coats can be picked up at army surplus stores for very reasonable prices. If you would like to purchase a more elegant pea coat, many top designers offer their own versions of this stylish and functional cold-weather coat.

Despite where you purchase your coat, you should not buy a style that differs too much from the classic military original. Here’s what you ought to keep an eye out for when you buy a pea coat:
* Good quality pea coats are composed of durable and warm wool, so be skeptical of any type of pea coat that isn’t primarily composed of quality wool for its external layer.
* Wide lapels, large buttons, and vertical or slash pockets are notable characteristics of classic pea coats.
* Your coat should definitely fit you! Because of it’s bulky construction and thick fabric a pea coat can seem over-sized for a guy with a wiry frame. If you have a slender build, take your coat to your local alterations shop and have them alter it to be more fitting to your shape.

A well maintained pea coat can be a useful wardrobe piece as it can be both dressed up or dressed down. With the addition of a scarf, red or white will do, your winter pea coat outfit will keep you fashion forward and warm and all winter long.

Bohemian Fashions For The Older Women

Bohemian dresses are an artistic and eclectic mix of casual style. They are extremely comfortable and consist of unique creations and homemade garments. Bohemian fashions for older women consist of interesting matches and bold colours.

The Latest Bohemian Trends

1. Designer Denim: Instead of purchasing three or four pairs of cheap denims, try saving money and taking a splurge into designer jeans and similar types of dresses. Designer denim is well designed, thus giving you value for money. Older women can buy dark denims, as they instantly slim the figure and are appropriate for formal evening cocktail parties.

2. Tank Tops: These are essential and basic bohemian dresses for older women. Cotton tank tops are comfortable and you can wear them with either a skirt or a pair of denims. In addition, a cardigan or an eccentric scarf will make the whole outfit look very fashionable as well as creating a perfect layer. It is necessary to bleach white tank tops so that they remain in perfect condition.

3. Boots: Bohemian dresses look good with boots. While buying boots, make it a point to check its quality. Purchase a mid heel with a rounded toe for an everlasting silhouette. Older women need to avoid stilettos and platforms.

4. Hippie Dresses: Embroidered frocks and other hippie dresses are important Bohemian clothes for older women. When paired with coloured tights and boots, these dresses look fabulous on women of all ages..

5. Cardigans: Older women need to first invest in basic-coloured cardigans such as black, white or beige and then buy coloured cardigans, which complement the skin tone. Women can layer these dresses over tank tops, jeans, shorts and so on.

6. Dainties: Older women can stack some lace dainties in the wardrobe for adding a glamorous look to the overall ensemble. Browse the lingerie department for lace camisoles. Having a wide range of cardigans and frilly tank tops will definitely make you look gorgeous.

7. Accessorise: Bohemian dresses are always incomplete without appropriate jewellery accessories. For a pure Bohemian look, make it a point to buy hand-crafted but high quality pieces. Try necklaces, bracelets or anklets having small silver bells. Older women can also wear artisan-crafted glass beads that are intertwined into delicate necklaces, bright dangling earrings or carved wooden pendants.

Scarves and vests are also useful garments for creating a Bohemian look, particularly if they are fringed. A dancer’s beaded scarf and a farmer’s vintage vest together make a great outfit. Bohemian fashion for older women also consists of sundresses, peasant blouses and flowing skirts. Look for crinkle and ruffle skirts in light-weight cotton, chiffon, silk and velvet. Organic patterns, hand embroidery, soft fabrics and paisley prints look beautiful on Bohemian dresses.

Thus, finding an appropriate Bohemian plus size fashion look may take a lot of time and also require many visits to resale boutiques and art fairs. However, when a budget worthy and treasured piece shows up, purchase it immediately so that you can add it to your Bohemian dress collection!

Carhartt Flame-resistant Jeans

Carhartt is one of the oldest companies which have been manufacturing clothes since a long time. It was formed in the year 1889 and since then it has been popular in different types of clothing. Previously the company manufactured clothing only for men. But later on they started their women line but women were not satisfied with it.

Women customers demanded that they must increase the variety of women clothing and now the company produces clothing for both men and women. Different kinds of garments are manufactured by the company, jeans is one of them.

There are different kinds of jeans available among which carhartt flame resistant jeans have become popular. Carhartt flame resistant clothing is usually made for the labors so that they can use the clothes for their work without the fear of getting burnt.

But before a person can choose the products it is important for him to find out whether he can afford it or not. The carhartt flame resistant pants that are manufactured for the labors are usually affordable. If you are looking for a pair of work jeans then you can even get it at $30.

Other than the work jeans the normal pair of jeans is also available for about $70. Some of the products are priced high because of the designer touches. Carhartt flame resistant clothing is available either in their stores or even online.

You might have heard about the ATPV rating. This is the acronym for the arc thermal performance values. Carhartt flame resistant trousers have received the highest ATPV rating. Other than this, it has also got the HRC rating.

There are different kinds of carhartt products which have got HRC rating 3 while others have got HRC rating 2 and some of them have even get number 1 rating. Most of the carhartt flame resistant jeans have got number 3 rating from HRC. It is very important to check this kind of ratings before you trust any product.

These ratings will help you understand whether the product is worth the money that you pay. There are certain styles of carhartt flame resistant clothing which has become popular.

FRB100, FRB13, and FRB160 are the three models which are manufactured by this company. These products are available in various colors as well as sizes. FRB100 is a flame resistant jean with straight legs. The regular size is priced at $60. FRB13 is also a carhartt flame resistant wear.

It is actually a denim dungaree. The price starts at $69. FRB160 is the third flame resistant model which has a relaxed fit and is a denim jean. This model is a bit expensive one and it starts at $72. The labor class is unable to afford this kind of models.

So this is one of the negatives of the carhartt flame resistant clothing. Most of the models are usually not meant for everybody. You need to choose your product model according to your affordability. There are lots of offers available online on the jeans.

Exciting Clothing Style Innovations

You can get so many different types of brands out there these days and this is very true when it comes to fashion brands. The number of fashion styles means that this is easy to understand. Extreme sports and music has inspired the clothing industry which has resulted in new clothing brand styles.

Here are the best of the best clothing styles.

Surf Wear

The clothes and footwear worn by surfers is known as surfwear. Originally it all began with surfers from the So Cal surf scene who began creating their own clothing brands. This is likely to be down to the rise in popularity of surfing and its acceptance as a professional sport which meant surfers could get endorsement contracts with surfboard and wet suit manufacturers. Some of the most famous surf wear brands include Salt Rock, Headworx and Quiksilver.

Skatewear

Skate wear was used to describe clothing brands that came out of the skateboarder community. Skate wear has close links with surf wear as both styles emerged out of the same scene, as skateboarders and surfers tend to be one and the same. This is because skateboards were made by surfers to practise on dry land. They both have similar styles but are specifically designed to cater for each sport. Recognised skatewear brands include Vans shoes, Etnies and Element.

Urbanwear

Urban wear also known as hip hop clothing came about due to the influence of the rap and hip hop scene. At the end of the seventies and beginning of the 1980s rap and hip hop started to emerge with artists like Run DMC and the Beastie Boys breaking into the charts. Lots of rap MCs and DJs were famous for wearing baggy sports clothing with gold chains. When hip hop became more popular so did the clothing with artists like Jay Z and P Diddy launching their own clothing brands. Designers inspired by hip hop also started making clothing brands influenced by their favourite artists. This resulted in many urban wear brands like Roca Wear, Phat Farm and Sean John.

Streetwear

Street Wear has drawn influence from most of the previously mentioned clothing styles. Street wear is probably best described as clothing designs that are influenced by urban living in major towns and cities. Hence street wear draws influence from all aspects of life in that environment including graffiti, street art, skateboarding, bmx, surfing as well as music from rock to hip hop. Graphics and street art feature heavily in streetwear clothing along with practical clothing designs. The Addict Clothing Co, Stussy and Obey Giant are good examples of innovative streetwear brands.